SOME BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT INDIAN CONSTITUTION STUDY MATERIAL FOR IPO EXAMINATION

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December 9,1946 : The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held in the constitution hall(now 'Central Hall of Parliament House').
December 11,1946 : Elected Dr.Rajendra Prasad and H.C.Mukherjee as the President and Vice-President of the Assembly respectively. Appointed Sir B.N.Rau as Constitutional advisor to the Assembly.
December 13,1946 : 'Objective Resolution' was introduced by Jawaharlal Nehru. Underlying principles of Constitution were laid by Objective Resolution..
January 22,1947: Unanimously adopted the Objective Resolution.
May 1949: It ratified India's membership of the Commonwealth
July 22,1947: Adopted the national flag
January 24,1950: Adopted the national anthem, national song. Elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first president of India
Assembly was chaired by Dr. Rajendra Prasad whenever it met as Constituent body and by G.V.Mavlankar when it met as the legislative body.
Constituent Assembly completed the task of drafting Constitution in 2 years,11 months and 17 days. The total expenditure incurred was Rs.64 lakh
 Indian Constitution borrowed from other Constitutions
The idea of single citizenship
From  British Constitution
Charter of Fundamental Rights,
From  United states Constitution
Constitutional enunciation of the directive principles of state policy
From Irish Constitution
The idea of the Concurrent list
From  Australian Constitution
Fundamental Duties
From  Soviet Constitution
The Planning Commission and Five-Year Plans
From  Soviet Constitution
A  federal system with a strong central government
From  Canadian Constitution
Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency
From  Weimar constitution of  Germany
Members of  Drafting Committee, which bore the responsibility of drafting the Constitutional document 
 Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
N. Gopalaswami Ayyar
K.M. Munshi
Syyed Mohd. Saadulla
N.Madhav Rao
D.P.Khaitan (T Krishnamachari, after Kahitan’s Death in 1948)
Some important  article  of  Indian Constitution
Article  14 of Indian Constitution
 Equality before law
Article  17 of Indian Constitution
Abolition of Untouchability 
Article  24 of Indian Constitution
Prohibition of employment of children in factories
Article  40  of Indian Constitution
Organisation of village panchayats 
Article  44  of Indian Constitution
Uniform civil code for the citizens
Article  324  of Indian Constitution
Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission
Article  368  of Indian Constitution
Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution

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